North of South: Caraga

On the northern portion of Mindanao, south of the Philippines is the newest and thirteenth region. Through the Republic Act no. 7901, this was made possible where Caraga is composed of five provinces namely Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur and Dinagat Islands.


During the early times of Caraga, the settlers were mainly from the mainland Asia, after which are the Malayans, Arabs, Chinese, Japanese, Spanish, and lastly, the Americans. Mostly, the people in the area speak Cebuano as their primary language.


It is geographically situated in the northeast section of Mindanao, bounded on the north by the Bohol Sea, Compostella Valley on the South, Bukidnon on the west and the Philippine Sea by the East. Overall, the region bears a land area of 18,846.97 square kilometers, comprising 63% of the Country’s total area.


Topographically, the region is constituted by mountains, flat and rolling lands. In the Agusan River Basin lies the most productive agricultural area of the region.


Primarily, Surigaonon is used as a language and is inherent to the region spoken by 33.21% of the population, followed by Butuanon by 15% of the people, Kamayo at 7.06%, and Manobo by 4.73%.


The cultural groups dominant in the region are of Visayan heritage, and only several minority groups are living in ng in the area. The largest group were the Manobos, and the rest were Kamayo, Higa-onon, Banwaon, and Mamanwa.


The region is rich in large tracts of land which made it rich in natural resources as well. It is abundant in natural products and is noted for its wood-based economy, mineral deposits such as iron, gold, silver, nickel, chromite, manganese, and copper. Leading crops of the region are palay, banana, and coconut.


More than words can say, Caraga is truly a beautiful place where everyone can enjoy and would want to come back.